Tips for Test Driving a Vehicle

After you get in to test drive the car, after checking the oil level, coolant and brake fluid in the engine compartment, it is now a driving characteristics. A good method for the first impression is to let the seller drive. This has the advantage so that you can watch as a passenger more because you are not distracted by driving an unfamiliar vehicle. The test drive should take place in daylight, as a night drive requires more concentration. That’s how we went about our test drive when we were looking at a St George used car when we were recently on vacation.

Look at starting a cold engine on the indicator lights: If the machine starts quickly (do not forget the pre-heating in older diesels), all indicator lights should be extinguished within a few seconds. This is usually a sign for OK all important systems that serve the driving and safety. When the engine is running smoothly, you can get off again and convince yourself of the function of the headlight and turn signals, headlight flasher, fog lights and brake lights and light circuit. Now let the seller go a few miles and watch his driving style. It can be concluded from the test drive, first, whether he (as a private seller) is familiar with the vehicle, on the other hand, if his driving style maybe to conceal deficiencies.

1949 Ford Coupe - flat head V8 engine
Photo Credit: dave_7

Keep the radio off during the test drive

Be careful as the car accelerates and whether the gear shift runs smoothly and the automatic shifts smoothly. As relaxed seated passenger is taken usually the suspension and tire noise more true. Worn-out shock absorbers and damaged axle feel and hear even a layman. You can compare features such as fan, air conditioning, power windows, sunroof, navigation, radio etc., without having to concentrate on the traffic. Turn on the radio but turn it off again, since it’s a distraction factor.
Ask them finally to be allowed to take over in a parking lot or an open road without much traffic the control. You must first have inquired as to how the vehicle is currently insured for all damages resulting from a test drive will be charged to the driver. The liability is however limited by liability and comprehensive insurance on the deductible and the downgrading of damage to the vehicle owner. Also, traffic adversities of course, go to the driver who caused them account. Do not drive with an unknown or insufficiently insured car because you assume all risk and liability for any damages!

When all functions test drive test itself

Once you sit behind the wheel and seat and mirror set, try all the features that you could not test so far. Then press for the horn and wipers to test and get familiar with the gear shift: As you put the car in reverse, are all the gears to shift well and evenly in the state? Then, the clutch is checked for proper operation. To do this, pull the parking brake, place the 3 Gear and let out the clutch lever slowly. The engine must now die, otherwise the clutch will slip through and must be repaired soon. Likewise, can you feel the behavior of the engine during this procedure, as it is with the stock: Shaking, shaking the engine noticeably before it stalls, the motor bearings are probably worn.

Now it is on the slopes: Go for a test drive on a straight street with little traffic as possible and take your hands off the steering wheel. Then continuously pulls the car to the left or right, is probably wrong track. Even an accident injury can be the cause of a warped track.

The function of the brake test also on a straight and dry road with little traffic. When the brake pedal a uniform and largely noise-free delay must occur. The braking effect is different on both sides, when the vehicle moves to the right or left. In this case, adjustments are needed in the workshop. During the braking test, you should also test the effect of the ABS. It is best to do on a road with loose gravel or slippery surfaces on the brakes at speed 40, if nobody is at risk. If you get out now and see clear grinding marks, at least one tire has blocked and denied the ABS. A repair is expensive, a defective ABS prevents the allocation of inspection sticker.

Check gearbox, starter motor and acceleration

Now test in detail the transition circuit by trying all combinations during the test drive, depending on traffic. Fast boot and downshifting and gear skipping shows whether the transmission is running smoothly or are suspicious noises. Ensure vehicles with turbochargers on the passage and the acoustics desselbigen: A soft singing or whistling when accelerating discreet is safe, louder noises may indicate problems and costly repairs. Move the car in city mode with a lot of stop and go and the roads and highway mode with high gears at low, medium and high speeds. Also try whether the steering wheel starts to vibrate at higher speeds.

For a full throttle, the coolant thermometer must (if present) do not rise too much, but must quickly when driving slowly recover. Otherwise, a problem with the thermostat could be. If an oil pressure gauge is available, you can check the engine for a fast ride. Hold during the test drive in a safe place, turn the idle and watch the oil pressure. He sinks drastically, the engine has problems with the lubricant circulation and probably not very long life expectancy more.

Finally, you check the steering at low speeds and when parking. They are at full impacts noises? Does it clear the game? When parallel parking, you can check if the steering is good. Do you need to boost too much or it creaks audibly, this indicates problems in the steering gear.

Take time for the test drive

A detailed test drive, as described here, usually takes only 30 to 40 minutes to complete, but well worth it in any case. A seller who has something to hide love it when buyers concede without hesitation. Remember, however, that one can not expect the equivalent of a new car at a used car price. Wear parts go as well as other components often unexpectedly broken and are due from certain odometer readings. Defects with the new owner has therefore always to be expected.

On the other hand, can also give a room for negotiation defects that become apparent during the test drive, the buyers. However, the private seller can not talk to him, he is probably untrustworthy and hopes for a less qualified buyers. In this case worth to abandon the vehicle, the liability for defects is excluded in a private sale, in most cases already in the contract.

Planning for a Fire

Is there anything like a fireproof home? The answer is no. The best thing you can do is take fire prevention measures in the first place, and if any were to occur, make sure your family know what to do to get out of the home safely and have the right tools for this. These tolls and home safety were taught to us at our local Las Vegas fire extinguisher sales department. When we are all working towards health safety for ourselves, our family, and our neighbors then everyone wins.

Fire Prevention:  What kind of steps can you take you and your family do to prevent a fire?

  1. First, identify potential sources of fire in your home such as a stove and other kitchen appliances, heaters, radiators, etc.. Make sure nothing flammable is near these hot spots. This includes for example above the stove rags. Do not put sweets and chocolates on the shelves above the stove, keep these foods stored away from heat sources.
  2. When you’re cooking be careful that you’re not doing it with long sleeves that hang over the account, which could accidentally turn on the burner.
  3. Do not smoke in bed
  4. Do not put stoves or other heat sources within feet of the bed and other items of upholstery.
  5. Keep lighters and matches out the reach of children.
  6. Helps prevent electrical fires so you’re sure to not overload the grid. When you’re not using the appliances be sure to have them off.
  7. Take extreme caution when using candles, especially when children or animals nearby.

Advice and Safety Fire:

What you can you and your family do if there is a fire? Use smoke detectors in the rooms and the bedrooms especially, and be sure to check if they work with frequency. Prepare an escape plan for the family and make sure to practice regularly. It would be ideal if you had an alternative plan of escape in case the primary route remained blocked. Whether you live in a house or high pa  apartment, make sure there is a fire escape. Keep them in mind for your escape plan. Make sure extinguishers are in the house and are on hand. And especially different extinguishers for the different types of fire that can develop. Have a specific blanket to smother fires such as kitchen oil fires.

If a fire occurs in your home, make sure you take your family as quickly as possible, but keep calm. If you are in your room and do not know if it is safe to open the door, check the temperature of it. If hot, do not open it. A good way to check the temperature without touching a door knob is spitting on. If it sizzles and evaporates there’s probably fire on the other side. If you’re stuck on that side of the house, be sure to cover the entrance of smoke putting wet towels in the cracks. Ask for help or call 911 immediately. If you go, do it on all fours so you can avoid being affecting by the smoke.

With a proper plan and attention paid to safety, you and your family you can prevent and survive home fires. This is really a good example in which a grain of prevention is a mountain of security.

Photo Credit: ARNOLD Masonry and Concrete

When You and Your Attorney Disagree


In the end, the victim of an injury is the only party that can determine whether or not to accept a settlement offer because it is the victim’s claim. An attorney exists to help best accomplish the reasonable objectives of the client. The client retains the right to fire the attorney, or to tell the attorney what to do, as long those things are reasonable and ethical. The attorney, in turn, also retains the ability to withdraw from a case at any time that will not severely damage the clients ability to gain relief (like on the eve of trial). Those are the basic parameters of the attorney client relationship; however, a client should also be aware that if the claim is regarding a motor vehicle crash or other personal injury, the attorney’s interests are likely aligned with that of the client. Because most experience auto accident attorneys work on what is called a contingency fee, they get paid a direct percentage of what the client gets paid. That aligns their interests. This means that you have every reason to trust the attorney, and almost no reason to question them because they want the same thing that you do. That objective is to get you the most money that they reasonably can for your claim. The other reason that a client should likely trust the opinion of the attorney is that the client has no idea what he or she is doing. An attorney would not attempt to instruct a heart surgeon how to perform open-heart surgery. You should probably not attempt to instruct your attorney on how to be an attorney. The legal field is full of decisions. Lawyers train for years and years in order to prepare them to make those decisions as accurately as possible.

The lawyer might want to settle your case for a variety of reasons. One reason might be that your case is weak. If your claim is not legally sound, your attorney may feel lucky to get an offer at all. Another reason is that you may not be a sympathetic victim. If the attorney feels that a jury will not sympathize with you, he or she will have no desire whatsoever to gamble everything by putting you in front of a jury. Another issue that may encourage settlement is if the attorney simply believes that your offer is higher than those that he or she is accustomed to receiving for other similar claims. If you are already at the high end of the spectrum, you will probably want to take the deal. A forth reason that could push a settlement is that you may want the money quickly. Sometimes, a bird in the hand is worth two in the bush. If you are anxious to get the money, settlement may be the best option. A lawyer should not, however, settle your case simply because they are too busy and do not have the time for drawn out litigation. It should be about you, not them.

The lawyer might want to go to trial if the settlement offer is just nowhere near what the attorney feels your case is worth, if the lawyer is confident enough to risk his or her fee on taking your case to a jury, you probably should be too. Trusting your attorney is important. If you feel that you cannot do that, you may wish to consider telling your attorney that you would like to seek a second opinion by hiring another attorney. Do not be vindictive. Your old attorney will eventually be paid for their share of your work anyway. Instead, explain wishes thoroughly, and listen carefully to make sure that the disagreement is not over a simple misunderstanding.
This article is offered only for general information and educational purposes.  It is not offered as and does not constitute legal advice or legal opinion.  You should not act or rely on any information contained in this article without first seeking the advice of an attorney.

Photo Credits: Jonathan Mueller

Save Lives from Fires at Home

Lurking in households are many sources of risk: The congested multi-purpose socket for example, or the hood, the filter has not been changed for a long time, can cause fire. What dangers lurk as well? We examined these dangers recently as we looking into getting Las Vegas fire extinguisher service done for our home.

Full Fire Fighting

In apartments

At about every fourth fire a private household is affected. Fires often result from small disasters, but also often by mistake. Potential sources of fire are often ignored, but looking closely can be in every household make fires. Typical hazards are old or broken appliances – and especially if they have been handled improperly. Even devices that generate heat are to be used with caution and used in a way so they do not become an ignition source. The kitchen is regarded as the number one source of danger. Hot oil when roasting or frying can splatter and catch things on fire. If a second mistake is made and water is used to put out an oil fire there may be an explosion. Domestic appliances must be safely stopped and unplugged before cleaning.

Smoke alarm: alarm-saving

A smoke detector can be mounted with minimum effort.

House fires are especially dangerous for people, because of smoke and toxic vapors. In fact smoke poisoning is the leading cause of fires in the home. Smoke detectors provide reliable early warning protection. They warn loudly before the silent danger when traveling in the apartment. Particularly suitable are battery powered devices that also work if the power goes out. Detectors are recommended to have a test button and give an audible signal when the battery needs to be replaced. Most models can be easily changed – the easiest at the ceiling because smoke rises. Anyone who owns a large apartment, should acquire multiple devices. But is important in any case that the alarm be audible throughout the house.

Advice for fire protection

  • Located in the residential area with combustible materials such as wood, textiles, paints; a fire extinguisher should be close at hand. For domestic use, fire blankets and fire extinguishers are suitable with water or foam.
  • Extinguishers that have defects or crackling should not be used. They create a smell of burning or jumping out the fuse, that should be taken seriously.
  • Electrical cables must not show any damage to the insulation, otherwise they must be replaced. This is especially true for households with children or animals. Loose or wobbly sockets light switches are dangerous as well.
  • Flammable liquids must be kept away from flames or heat sources. If an object is more than just warm to the touch, such as a charger, the distance to combustible materials must be increased.
  • The filter of the hood must be regularly cleaned and replaced. Grease could catch fire.
  • Appliances provide only non-flammable surface, such as glass or a stone slab.

Photo Credit: Nolan Williamson

The Rising Number of Egg Donations

In the last ten years the number of egg donors have risen sharply. In the wake of the emancipation of women and their dilemma of having to choose between motherhood and professional life, and as well that the age of mothers has increased when she has birth of their first child. In Spain it is currently 31.6 years. By this postponement of motherhood, the possibility of pregnancy is still there, but is now lower. One way to solve this problem is through egg donation. A higher life expectancy and a certain rejuvenation of the Company (the 40s are the new 30s) cause a perfectly healthy, attractive and relatively young woman who wants to be a mother, but is much more difficult to achieve. Even if you do not consider her body, noted that that the woman is over 40, and with it the eggs. “There are many women who want to be more than 40 years old and a mother, therefore they elect to egg donation, ” said Lorena Lopez, clinic coordinator in ProcreaTec. In these cases, the eggs from a donor can be a great help, an altruistic gesture, which is increasingly common in Spain. The reasons are different, according to the experts: easier access to information on the procedure, the postponement of motherhood on the part of women and the real need for it.

Little baby Margareth

Here not only the demand for the egg donation, but more and more young women to hear about it. “At the beginning I was quite impressed with all this, but I’ve finally done it and will even do it again,” one donor told the Madrid clinic ProcreaTec . “I will also tell my friends of it, because I think it is a great gesture to people who can not have children. In addition, the financial aspect is interesting, ” she adds. Spain and the United States are the world leaders in the donation of organs and oocytes. This is related, because in other countries of the European Union and abroad have either very strict criteria that anonymity is not protected by law, or no financial compensation for the donor exists.

The procedure of egg donation here is simple. First, the ovaries are stimulated by the use of hormone therapy. Once the eggs are mature, they are – in a 15-minute procedure – removed. Donors must be 18-30 years old and before the egg donation through a series of psychological tests and medical checks, which determines their health and their fertility rate.

“People who want a child, do not miss out for financial reasons. Probably the number of treatments is therefore in the absence of this capacity in public health in the private sector grow, “explains Jennifer Rayward, Head of ProcreaTec Clinic . , the private fertility clinics in Spain has consolidated its status in the international comparison for years . So each year thousands of patients are due to the treatments offered but also because of the excellent physicians and embryologists in the country.

Photo Credit: Olya Batishcheva

Fertility calculations

Mathematics can help on the jumps of fertility. To this end, the researchers of the Department for artificial insemination at the university and Polyclinic “La Fe” and the Polytechnic University of Valencia (UPV), have developed a mathematical model to optimize embryo selection in which the selection of the best embryos a success of fertilization operation to be achieved.

Sweet Little Baby Girl

Published in the journal mathemathical and computer modeling research, observed that embryos with reduced viability were spotted faster and it was more helpful and allows a more accurate assessment for successful fertility clinic treatment.

The model assesses the embryo quality using two morphological variables: the number of cells and the symmetry and degree of fragmentation of the embryo. The best embryos are those here who have four cells and the symmetry and fragmentation degree one, ie it is symmetrical cells with less than 10% fragmentation. For these, it is most likely that there is a pregnancy. When artificial insemination but not always such embryos are available. Here, the model can assist the embryologist in selecting those embryos, even if they do not meet the optimal conditions, but can lead to pregnancy.

Wikipedia talks briefly about infertility:

Infertility primarily refers to the biological inability of a person to contribute to conception. Infertility may also refer to the state of a woman who is unable to carry a pregnancy to full term. There are many biological causes of infertility, including some that medical intervention can treat.

-Wiki Page

Utilizing preimplantation genetic diagnosis is the best way to utilize this method, although there are also other tools for embryo selection these are not as precise and efficient. “With this model, a fast, accurate and efficient statistical analysis is performed, which improves the predictability of common over other methods significantly.”

This model assesses the embryo Quality Index (EQI) obtained score. The index is calculated on the basis of transferred embryos in relation to the aging woman. Observing which case embryology all embryos with the inverted microscope and determine the number of cells and the degree of the embryo. By observing the development, the embryos are selected for transfer into the uterine cavity, which have the best rate of implantation. In retrospect, the EQI of implanted embryos is calculated. The generated index can predict with the woman age the probability of pregnancy.

The research also showed that the probability of pregnancy decreases with age. Contrary to previous studies, however, this development is not linear. This discovery was made ​​in the Health Research Institute “La Fe” by the professional staff of the hospital “La Fe”, Inmaculada Molina, specialist of the Department of In Vitro Fertilization and Antonio Pellicer, director of the Women’s Hospital area of “La Fe”. Of the UPV were involved Ana Debón by the Centre for Quality and Change Management and Suitberto Cabrera of the group wave phenomena.

Photo Credit: Kjns

Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis Explained

Women of childbearing age who have a genetic predisposition to diseases, can receive fertility treatments to choose embryos without said genes. This is the core of the genetic preimplantation genetic diagnosis, which is in countries such as Australia, the U.S. and Canada are already a trend.

In a genetic PGD preimplantation genetic diagnosis one can determine prior to its insertion into the uterus, whether that embryo supports any genetic disease by an examination of the embryo. In this way, only healthy embryos are transferred into the womb.

The human genome project has contributed a lot for the accurate determination of the molecular basis of human genetic diseases and many. Also artificial insemination is the discovery that has been a great benefit. With their help, namely a technique could be developed that enables a genetic diagnosis of the embryo prior to its implantation in the uterus.

Portrait of a beautiful young couple smiling together

After careful investigation of the cases they can be applied, for example, in women who have mutations in the genes BRCA 1 and BRCA second. These genes increase the likelihood (60-80%) of developing breast cancer later on. In addition, carriers of BRCA 1 are also more at risk – the numbers are between 30 to 60% – to get ovarian cancer. On the other hand there for a couple in which one partner has this mutation, a 50% chance that even the future child is born with this. With preimplantation genetic inheriting these problems can be avoided.

The procedure of PID is comparable to that of conventional stimulation and differs only by the fact of this, that after two days of fertilization, a biopsy in the cells of the embryo is carried out in the laboratory to determine its chromosomal features. For this purpose, its DNA is examined, where the genes are stored. In this way it can be determined whether the embryo carries a genetic disorder. The affected embryos are then removed and only the healthy inserted into the patient.

At the last meeting of the European Society for Human Reproduction in Istanbul was also the PID issue. The expert for this purpose, Willem Verpoest, invited to more research in the area and presented a survey conducted in 70 European pairs study in which pairs the PID have applied for the elimination of genetic mutations and thereby get completely healthy babies. Overall, there are between 7000 and 8000 genetic disorders caused by mutations, the technology has so much to do.

Photo Credit: Javier Sánchez Mingorance